BACKGROUND comunidades

The first meeting to create a National Consortium for Advanced Internet Development took place in Guayaquil in March 2002, with 38 institutions present. During the meeting a commission was created to be responsible for drafting the proposal and for gathering the necessary documents to create the Organization.

On March 26th, 2002, there was a second meeting not only with delegates from national institutions, but also with representatives from the Advanced Networks of Mexico (CUDI), Brazil (RNP), and the United States (Internet2). At this meeting a letter explaining the intention to create the Consortium was signed.

On September 18th, 2002, in the presence of the Vice President of Ecuador and the National Secretary of Science and Technology, CEDIA was officially created. To record the formation of the consortium seven delegates from higher education institutions, two from private institutions, and two from public agencies, signed the agreement. The CEDIA status was approved by the Ecuadorian Undersecretary of Education and officially registered on January 6th, 2003.

Ecuador became a member of the Latin American Cooperation of Advanced Networks (CLARA Network) right after its creation, in June 2003. A year later, CEDIA contracted the Commercial Internet services. On January 18th, 2016, through a submarine cable, CEDIA was connected to the Santiago de Chile´s Red CLARA node, through a 10 Mbps connection.

In March, 2007, CEDIA was composed of 20 academic members from 8 provinces of Ecuador, which were linked to the network. Seventeen were from higher education institutions, one from a government agency, and two from research and development areas.

During that time the backbone of the national network was of 10 Mbps, with last mile connections at 384 Kbps per member. The shape and connectivity to Red CLARA had not changed. The Commercial Internet Aggregate Consumption had grown to 60 Mbps and it was US $ 0.99 per Kbps.

By this time, there were two drawbacks: the low capacity of the last few miles of the members and the lack of transparency of the advanced network within institutions.

By the end of 2007 the BGP protocol was implemented in the CEDIA´s routing equipment. This made the processes of the institutions using advanced networks more transparent and increased the ability of the last miles connection to the advanced network. The network consortium reached a minimum bandwidth of 2 Mbps. In November 2007, the demand for commercial Internet went up to 120 Mbps, and in March 2008 CEDIA managed to allocate a new contract that included an aggregate 4 STM-1 Commercial Internet capacity, and a national backbone of 1 Gbps. There were advanced network last mile connections that started on 50Mbps and went up to 1Gbps between 2009 and 2010.

Furthermore, MPLS was implemented in the supplier’s CORE network. Until then, IPV6 was used through tunnels in the advanced network. In 2008, CLARA Network created a POP node in Guayaquil, which made the connection costs cheaper in Ecuador. At that time, it was also possible to increase the CLARA bandwidth connection from 16 Mbps to 22.5 Mbps.

Since 2010, CEDIA has a national backbone of 1Gbps with last mile connections and with equal capacity for every member. In addition, it has 775 Mbps Commercial Internet among its 26 members, and the international connection with the CLARA network has risen from 22.5 Mbps to 44 Mbps.

At the end of 2010, in addition to the IPv6 Advanced Network outputs, also a native IPv6 over MPLS network within the CEDIA´s CORE Network was obtained. During that time CEDIA was the first Ecuadorian network to occupy the native IPv6 for both, advanced network and commercial network, within its institutions.

Since 2013, the consortium has 155 Mbps in the Advanced Network for linkage with the CLARA network, and 22 stm-1 Commercial Internet capacity.

In 2015 CEDIA reinforced its message and mission by transforming its graphic image into RED CEDIA, the Ecuador’s National Network for Research and Education, generating not only new services for its 35 members and counting, but also getting international awards because of its innovation and inclusion processes after joining the public and private institutional networks, including universities, polytechnic schools, research institutes, technical institutes, and high schools.

In August 2017, CEDIA became the Ecuadorian Corporation for Research Development and the Academy to promote and coordinate the development of scientific research and academy; And to offer services related to information technologies focused on scientific, technological, innovative and educational development in Ecuador, through the Advanced Networks Project.

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Calle La Condamine 12-109 "Casa Rivera"

Telf. (+593) 7 4043810

info@cedia.org.ec • Cuenca- Ecuador

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